The 13 Most Common Errors on a Novel's First Page 


  • Over-explanation. This includes prologues. “Prologues are never needed. You can usually throw them in the garbage. They’re usually put on as a patch.”
  • Too much data. “You’re trying to seduce your reader, not burden them,” Friedman said.
  • Over-writing, or “trying too hard.” “We think the more description we add, the more vivid it will be; but we don’t want to be distracted from the story” we open the book for.
  • Beginning the novel with an interior monologue or reflection. Usually this is written as the thoughts of a character who is sitting alone, musing and thinking back on a story. Just start with the story.
  • Beginning the novel with a flashback. Friedman isn’t entirely anti-flashback, but the novel’s opening page is the wrong place for one.
  • Beginning a novel with the “waking up sequence” of a character waking, getting out of bed, putting on slippers, heading for the kitchen and coffee…a cliche
  • Related cliche: beginning the novel with an alarm clock or a ringing phone
  • Starting out with an “ordinary day’s routine” for the main character
  • Beginning with “crisis moments” that aren’t unique: “When the doctor said ‘malignant,’ my life changed forever…” or “The day my father left us I was seven years old…”
  • Don’t start with a dialogue that doesn’t have any context. Building characterization through dialogue is okay anywhere else but there.
  • Starting with backstory, or “going back, then going forward.”
  • Info dump. More formally called “exposition.”
  • Character dump, which is four or more characters on the first page.

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(W) Greg Pak (A/CA) Victor Ibanez

(ϟ ϟ ϟ)

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posted 39 minutes ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog


If you haven’t heard Chris’s ‘rat story’ you’re in for a treat! I love it.

  -  video  -  omfg  -  130  -
posted 13 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog


but has anyone done this yet because I know we were all thinking it

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posted 13 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog

trinadear whenever works for you, i’m down!

  -  jazza replies
posted 13 hours ago  »  reblog
First name: Jazmin Nickname: Jaz Age: 17 Gender: Female Sexual Orientation: Ace Nationality: Latina Relationship status: Single Likes: The Fast and the Furious, The Shatterdames, Pac Rim, dance movies Dislikes: Jeff Davis Random fact: We still need to go watch Make your Move (if it ever goes to LA Live D:)


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posted 13 hours ago  »  reblog


how i can be every single character on this show will never cease to amaze me.

(Source: pinkmanjesse)

  -  bob's burgers  -  this show is my life  -  66212  -
posted 13 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog



Sebastian Stan gets choked up talking about how much his mother means to him…


posted 14 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog
What if word gets around that if you show up to sam's house he'll patch you up and make breakfast

— Anonymous


Apparently, searching for the Winter Soldier means moving to New York and hell no is Sam Wilson moving to Brooklyn.

"Nah, man," he explained. "I love you like whoa, but hell no. Harlem or bust."

Steve didn’t get it, but whatever. He offered to let Sam have his floor in Stark’s godawful tower, but again: hell to the no.

"I know people in Harlem," he explained further.

He should have known that sentence would put a cloud over Steve, but at least the argument held water for him. That was what Brooklyn was about, anyway. He was going to where he used to have people.

So Sam moved back to Harlem.


At three AM on a Thursday night, the buzzer for the front door of his apartment went off.

"If you’re here to kill me, come back in at least five hours," he told whoever it was through the intercom.

"Sorry, Sam," came Natasha’s voice. "We need a place to lie low."

Fucking whatever. He buzzed her up.

She had a different buff, blonde superhero with her this time. He introduced himself as Clint and shook Sam’s hand. Then he winced and shook out his hand which Sam could now see was turning no-good-very-bad colors.

Natasha shrugged. “You should see the other guy,” she said.

"Other guys,” Clint corrected. “So many other guys. At least twenty.”

Sam raised an eyebrow.

"Fifty," Clint continued. "Probably fifty."

Sam repeated internally: fucking whatever.

"I left my straightener in DC," he told Natasha. "Bad for your hair anyway."

"Please," she scoffed. "Straight hair is so last year."


Two months later, Clint showed up with Bruce Banner. A lot of people in Harlem knew about Bruce Banner.

Sam put on the Enya CD he always told people he only had because an ex left it in his apartment. (This was a lie.)

Clint gave him a look.

"Look, Harlem thanks the dude for stopping the other dinosaur dude and everything," Sam explained. "But he is not allowed to break my apartment. I don’t have the funds to build a new one from scratch."

Bruce looked…not green, not in the bad way, but green like sea-sick sort of green. Like a hangover or something. His head was lolling and Clint was basically holding him upright.


Bruce Banner showed up in the daylight hours two days later with Tony Stark. Tony made fun of Sam’s CD collection. Bruce Banner fixed his leaky shower.

Sam thought to himself, OK, this is my life now.

Tony had to help with the shower. It went off and soaked them both and they left wearing all of Sam’s clean jogging clothes.


Steve came by with the Winter Soldier—“he’s Bucky"—in the middle of the night a couple weeks later.

Sam kept the place stocked with first aid kits and poptarts these days.

About an hour after they arrived, Natasha and Thor arrived. Then ten minutes later, Clint and Tony. Then Bruce.

"Everybody gets poptarts and beer," Sam announced as he ushered Bruce in. "It’s all I have on hand."

The Winter Soldier—Bucky—looked so fucking stunned at the suggestion that Sam made a bag of microwave popcorn just to fill the sudden depth of “feed this boy” feelings that had swelled up. It was something he inherited from his mom, no doubt. She was always feeding people who looked like that.

Yeah. This was his life now.

There were superheroes having a slumber party in his living room.

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posted 14 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog


natasha collecting bird-themed superheroes though

she’s got sam and clint and she had her eye on that really pretty agent 19 who specializes in biochem before shield went down but don’t worry nat has bobbi’s number it’s all good

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posted 14 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog


running out of space to type on snapchat and having to use the drawing tool

  -  the jaz and ariana story  -  10355  -
posted 15 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog

you know how shit like that whole what’s in the box scenario are supposed to show you ~insight~ into the characters

all I was thinking is that if the aos crew got marooned on an island they would all flip their shit for two hours and may and tripp would have to lead their way

posted 15 hours ago  »  reblog




wait so

jaz and tessa are friends???


we ARE!!!!!! and then I found out Tessa followed you and I think she knew when I was freaking out about you on twitter two days ago and EVERYTHING’S COMING INTO A CIRCLE BECAUSE FRIENDS?? FRIENDS!! :D

(i totally thought you replied to my post and now i feel like a failure)

so, to reiterate,

hahahaha that’s alright i’m on tumblr mobile so like my replies are weird but the point still stands!!! i’m so glad to have met you!!! :D

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posted 15 hours ago  »  via   »  reblog

what is in that box?

(Source: bartony)

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posted 15 hours ago  »  via   »  source  »  reblog


Marvel Cinematic Universe known Working Titles.

  -  the mcu  -  FUCKING RAD  -  10041  -
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